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Chickenpox in children and babies It is characterized by the presence of fatigue and fever and by the appearance of rashes on the skin. It is a benign disease of early childhood that is easily transmitted and therefore highly contagious.
The most common symptom is an outbreak with small red spots, which later turn into vesicles or blisters all over the skin and end up forming scabs that cause intense itching: they appear on the scalp, on the genitals and even in the mouth.
In general, it usually causes itching, high fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. In the event that you observe any rare injury in the child, you should immediately go to the doctor.
This disease is caused by a virus from the herpes group called Varicella zoster. The virus spreads from person to person through coughing or sneezing, and also by direct contact through handkerchiefs or skin lesions. Among schoolchildren and relatives, probability of contagion is greater than 90 percent.
The incubation period is variable. Between the first contact with the virus and the appearance of symptoms, it takes 9 to 21 days. The vesicles break, releasing a clear liquid (very contagious) and after 4 to 5 days the scabs form.
The contagion From one child to another or from one child to an adult it can start 2 days before the appearance of the vesicles and last up to 5 days after the appearance of the lesions or even longer.
Once the child has contracted chickenpox, there is no curative treatment, although it is possible to control the disease, based on antipyretics, specific antivirals and antihistamines to reduce itching, since when the scabs form they are very itchy and the child should do not scratch to prevent the scabs from picking off as they leave marks and marks on the skin in the form of circular indentations.
Try to keep the child's skin always clean, bathing him daily with oat soap or calamine lotion, as well as cutting and cleaning nails to prevent scratching injuries and infections.
Dress him in loose cotton clothing, avoid exposing them to the sun, although the air is good for him to heal injuries. Chickenpox can present dangerous but rare complications in infants and adults.
Due to its easy contagion, it is advisable not to take the child to kindergarten or school, and even warn the pediatrician that he has chickenpox so that he can appoint you when there is no public.
This disease happens only once in life, since the body is immunized and has a vaccine. Specifically, there are two types of vaccine: one for children between 12 months and 12 years, another for adolescents over 13 years of age and adults.
The vaccine sometimes does not provide complete immunity against the disease, but children who get chickenpox, despite being vaccinated, pass the disease mildly.
Chickenpox can affect the fetus when the pregnant woman is infected with chickenpox and cause malformations if the infection occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Chickenpox in neonates, in babies under three months, is also very dangerous, except during the first 4 days of the baby's life, since it has the defenses that its mother has transmitted to it. In all these cases, immediate medical attention is required.
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